What is the ISO standard?
Implications: What is the ISO standard?
ISO stands for International Organization for Standardization, which stands for International Organization for Standardization.
At present, this international organization consists of a network of national standard institutes in 157 countries, based in one center in each country and one main center in Geneva, Switzerland, which is responsible for coordinating the various centers.
Today, compliance with ISO standards in the production and supply of products and services is so important that in the field of global trade, ISO standards have become a prerequisite in international trade.
A variety of ISO standards
ISO 9000 standard
In 1987, Technical Committee 176 of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO / TC176) introduced the ISO 9000 series of standards to the world. The purpose of developing this series of standards was to create an international model for the implementation and deployment of management and quality assurance systems, which was widely welcomed worldwide.
The ISO 9000 series of standards was revised in 1994 and 2000 with a process-oriented approach and institutionalizing continuous improvement in the organization’s quality management system through process modification.
In fact, the ISO 9000 standard is not given to a specific product, but rather evaluates the production process of goods or services in a business unit.
Advantages of using ISO 9000 standard
Review the activities of the organization based on the goals of the organization and eliminate the shortcomings
• Transparency of processes and indicators in the organization
• Prevent duplication by defining planned and systematic activities
• Reduce costs
• Build trust and confidence within the organization
• Build trust and confidence within the organization (customer)
• Increasing competitiveness in the international arena
Scope of application: This standard is applicable in all production, service, research, educational and non-organizational organizations.
ISO 14000 standard
ISO 14000 family standards include international standards for environmental systems. These standards in ???? AD by the Technical Committee ??? ISO organizations were created.
An environmental management system can be considered as part of a comprehensive management system.
This system includes the organizational structure, planning activities, definition of responsibilities, determination of methods and processes, as well as obtaining the necessary resources to prepare, implement, review and maintain the organization’s environmental policy.
This standard is the main issue of the production process, in other words, behind the supply of a product, not the product itself.
In fact, this certification is given to a unit that has long-term practical plans to help keep the environment clean and to implement them properly.
Advantages of using ISO 14000 standard
Creating environmental management systems that lead to greater protection of the environment.
• Minimize non-tariff barriers to trade and facilitate international trade by giving more value to the environment in organizations
• Attract more customers and increase market share internationally
• Increase compliance with environmental regulations and laws
• Optimal use of natural resources
• Facilitate international trade
• Create more added value for the organization
Scope of application: This standard is applicable to all industries and various production and service organizations
OHSAS Governor 18001
Occupational Health & Safety Assessment Series is a standard for scoring and certification.
In 1998, committees were formed consisting of the British Standards Institution, major UK certification firms and other international standard organizations, with the aim of developing a single standard.
OHSAS 18001 has been developed in response to the need of organizations for a standard of occupational health and safety management system, by which they can evaluate their management system in the field of health and safety.
The structure of the OHSAS 18001 standard is compliant with ISO 9000 and ISO 14000 standards so that organizations can easily integrate quality management systems, environment, occupational health and safety, and create an integrated management system.
An occupational health and safety management system assists the organization in identifying, eliminating, or minimizing the health and safety risks of its employees and other stakeholders who are exposed to it.
Advantages of using OHSAS 18001 standard
Planned and documented thinking about occupational health and safety
• Appropriate structure for occupational health and safety management
Creating a safer and healthier work environment
• Increase awareness and knowledge about occupational safety and health management
• Reducing the risk of accidents, events and ….
Scope of application: This standard is used in all production and service organizations.
ISO 22000 standard
Food safety depends on the risk of foodborne illness when consumed. Adequate and proper control along the food chain seems essential because food safety hazards may occur at any stage of the food chain. Therefore, achieving food safety must be done with the pervasive efforts of the parties in the food chain.
Applying this standard helps organizations at different levels of the food chain to identify and control hazards in their system.
This standard provides an effective combination to ensure food safety throughout the food chain, key elements of which include interaction, management system, proposed programs and HACCP principles.
Scope of application: All organizations in the food chain, including producers of raw materials in food and animal feed factories, agents involved in transportation and warehousing, retail stores and providers of food-related services such as packaging services, etc. can be from this Benefit from the standard.
ISO / IEC 17020 standard
It is one of the specialized standards for general criteria for the activities of different types of inspection organizations. The purpose of this standard is to specify the general criteria for impartial inspection organizations, regardless of the department being inspected.
This standard also specifies the criteria for independence. This standard is intended for use by inspection bodies and certification bodies as well as other organizations associated with the identification of inspection bodies.
Scope of application: This standard is applicable to all companies and inspection institutions.
ISO / IEC 17025 standard
The process of specialization of the activities of organizations prompts institutions and organizations to develop standards to develop specific requirements to ensure the quality of services of such organizations.
In addition to the ISO 9000 standard, which sets out the general requirements of a quality management system for all organizations, standards are published in various industries that define specific requirements that form a complement to the general requirements of the organization’s quality management system.
This specialized standard has been developed to describe the quality management system of laboratories.
In other words, this standard can be applied to all laboratories providing measurement, testing, testing and calibration services (industrial laboratories) regardless of the number of personnel or the scope of its activities.
The set of requirements for the food safety management system, which means risk analysis and critical control points, was first introduced in 1971 at the National Conference on Food Conservation. Then in 1973, the US space agency (NASA), in collaboration with Pilsbury, implemented the system to ensure the health of astronaut food.
The system became public in 1985 and was adopted by the Codex Commission in 1993.
In 1998, the Iranian Institute of Standards and Industrial Research published the procedure for using it under the national standard 4557. The letters of this system are established in organizations with the aim of securing food production processes and preventing accidents caused by food health problems.
Advantages of using the standard:
Establishment of this system in the organization, considering the implementation of appropriate and effective control steps during the processes of accepting raw materials, product production, warehousing and maintenance and sending the product to the organization ensures that it performs the most reliable controls with the least cost and the following benefits can be mentioned:
Creating confidence in consumers of products
• Move towards flawless production
• Prevention of chemical, microbial and physical hazards that may cause harm to the customer and reduce the credibility of the organization in food products.
• Compatibility with other quality management systems
All production and service organizations that play a role in the community food supply chain, such as agro-industrial complexes, food producers, food distributors, cold stores, etc. can use these principles to ensure the health of products. Gain the necessary confidence in your food.
IMS and HSE
An organized management system creates a framework in which individuals can work for the organization on a regular basis and earn the desired income in an efficient and effective manner.
In other words, the management system is the way we want things done. The management system can be considered in various fields such as quality, health and safety and environment. Naturally, the focus and emphasis of each component of the system is different.
For example, the quality management system emphasizes customer needs, while the environmental management system addresses the needs of a wide range of stakeholders and the growing community demand for environmental protection, and the occupational safety and health management system focuses on Focuses on maintaining the safety of capital and occupational health of human resources in the organization.