Special customs measures to combat smuggling of goods and currency in the Eleventh Government
Special customs measures to combat smuggling of goods and currency in the Eleventh Government. Tir cleared customs to Iranian customs smugglers: announced the implementation of special measures in the fight against smuggling of goods and currency and stressed: in the latest action by mechanized control of warehouse bills issued at Shahid Rajaei customs in Bandar Abbas The smugglers were beaten.
With this measure, any falsification and misuse of the issued warehouse receipts will be prevented and the warehouse receipt information will be exchanged electronically between the customs and the port.
The Customs of the Islamic Republic of Iran, based on a joint memorandum of information exchange with the Ports and Maritime Organization, from February 7 of this year, mechanized the control of warehouse bills issued at the Shahid Rajaei Customs in Bandar Abbas through the window of the Cross-Border Trade Unit. Accordingly, all warehouse receipts will be sent to the window of the cross-border trade unit as soon as they are issued by the Ports and Maritime Organization, and it will not be possible to use the warehouse receipt repeatedly. In this regard, after preparing the documents and obtaining the cottage, the relevant information will be sent to the Ports Organization and therefore no changes will be applicable to the warehouse bills. After the successful implementation of the project in Shahid Rajaei port, this project will be implemented in all ports of the country.
12 special customs measures to combat smuggling of goods with the help of electronic systems
Iran’s customs measures in the fight against smuggling of goods in the 11th government are generally based on modern information and communication technologies (ICT).
The implementation of a comprehensive customs system in the vast majority of the country’s executive customs and the launch of its subsystems have significantly made the country’s customs environment unsafe for smugglers, and recent discoveries have shown that by exploiting the capabilities and capacities of electronic systems, smuggling becomes more common. With the help of these modern technologies and intelligent systems, large consignments of smuggling have been discovered, which have been involved in all the smuggling discoveries of the comprehensive customs system and the window of the cross-border trade unit, and we have witnessed the fruition of electronic customs in the country.
Comprehensive system of customs affairs, the license (green leaf) is issued electronically. Also, this feature is included in this system that by removing paper, issuing paper licenses, which were the source of many problems and violations, the exchange of information and documents with organizations and law enforcement can be done electronically.
One of the positive effects of electronic propellers is that they prevent counterfeiting, which may have already been done by some paper propellers.
According to the law, detective agencies, especially law enforcement agencies, after detecting consignments suspected of being smuggled out of the customs territory, send them to the customs to determine the task. But now, with the facilities provided by the customs through this system, the inquiry of the above consignments can be done accurately and in the shortest possible time and without the intervention of a human agent.
Virtual unit window and electronic communication with the central bank
One of the important achievements of the customs, launching a business unit window, using this system, one of the greatest long-standing aspirations of the government and economic activists was realized, and sending and receiving the necessary licenses for goods clearance, including standards, order registration, quarantine, etc., became electronic. Obtaining these licenses manually was already very time consuming and it was also very difficult to manage and verify these licenses manually.
Therefore, the comprehensive system of customs affairs received specific permits directly and electronically from neighboring organizations, and this has had a great impact on the clearance process.
Also, this effect is applied systematically and the tastes of customs experts are prevented from being applied. For example, a product that requires a standard license, until receiving a standard license, the expert can not approve it and the system does not issue a clearance permit.
On the other hand, collecting information and exchanging data between customs and neighboring organizations through the single window of cross-border trade eliminates the possibility of possible misuse and illegal entry and exit of goods (smuggling) and requires importers to obtain and provide customs clearance permits to the health of trade. it helps. Including the electronic communication between the Customs and the Food and Drug Administration with the help of the comprehensive customs system has made it easier to send and identify counterfeit and smuggled drugs than non-smuggled drugs with special information codes for customs cleared drugs. Also, by connecting the comprehensive system of customs affairs to the system of the Central Bank, the validity of the issued licenses will be done through electronic communication and the forgery of documents and misuse of foreign exchange resources and possible smuggling will be prevented.
Equipping customs with advanced control facilities
The number of customs truck X-ray machines has increased to 13. All the officials of the country, especially those who have visited the country’s customs and the comprehensive system of customs affairs and the window of the cross-border trade unit, stressed the importance of using more advanced electronic devices and equipment in customs, especially border customs, and criticized the lack of such devices. All customs have promised to provide the necessary funds to purchase them in the form of budget plans and other resources. Fortunately, recently, the Iranian Customs has purchased advanced truck X-ray machines, which will significantly increase the possibility of inspecting and controlling imported shipments by installing them in active and high-volume customs offices. Iran Customs has also signed a memorandum of understanding with the Defense Research and Innovation Organization of the Ministry of Defense and Armed Forces Support to produce 5 X-ray machines and deliver them to customs.
Electronic connection of the bill of lading to the comprehensive system
Electronic customs traps to combat smuggling of goods began with the electronic connection of the bill of lading to the comprehensive system of customs affairs and the electronic exchange of information between the warehouses of the Ports and Customs Organization.
According to this plan, in the first step, the electronic warehouse receipt of the warehouses of the contracting party with the Ports and Maritime Organization is connected to the bill of lading through the comprehensive customs system and the window of the cross-border trade unit in Shahid Rajaei special zone. It will be possible after issuing electronic licenses from port areas and warehouses of the contracting party with the Ports and Maritime Organization. Electronic receipt of this information is done in order to fill the existing gap and according to the data exchange model of the World Customs Organization, based on receiving bill of lading information from the source, and with the implementation of this program, electronic customs traps will be completed to combat smuggling.
The main customs program is access to the cargo manifest of ships or so-called carriers at the time of unloading cargo and issuing the tally, and this issue has been implemented.
Ship Manifesto is a list of all the goods in the ship that are in the possession of the captain of each ship and at the time of unloading from the ship’s manifest, the so-called unloading slip is issued and then divided into several bills of lading and each bill of lading is named after one person. According to the customs declaration of the ship, the information is reliable and if the information is entered based on the evacuation order in the ports, the data chain is completed in the comprehensive customs system and all incoming information based on electronic manifest, bill of lading, warehouse receipt, declaration and receipt warehouses will be intersected. The possibility of violation is eliminated.
Smart exit door project
This project is another part of the electronic customs program, the implementation of which will even allow the entry and exit of goods through customs electronically.
With the implementation of this project, customs formalities of goods will be performed in the comprehensive customs system and the window of the cross-border trade unit. The electronic license plate reader system allows the truck to exit, effectively allowing intelligent traffic jams to take commands from license plate readers.
Due to the fact that the license plates and specifications of the trucks are registered for loading in the comprehensive customs system, by installing and operating the barrier and license plate reader system, all cargo information is automatically matched with the loaded truck and allowed to exit the loaded trucks in a completely intelligent manner. It becomes. This method automatically prevents the entry and exit of containers and unauthorized goods, while the information of entry and exit of trucks and exit doors is transferred to the center online and monitoring customs operations is easier and headquarters offices monitor the performance of executive customs more easily. Takes.
This project has been completely designed, implemented and launched by the General Directorate of Customs Development and Equipment, experts from the Customs Information Technology Office and scholars of the Intelligent Systems Research Institute of the University of Tehran.
Launching the largest foreign trade database in the country
The foreign trade database of the country is one of the most valuable achievements of electronic customs. This database automatically receives all the information related to the “comprehensive customs system” and collects and processes it in its data center. This information includes declarations, import, export and transit licenses, receipts and transit license information.
Examining the performance records of importers, exporters as well as transportation companies intelligently by weight, value, type of goods and possible violations is one of the most important capabilities of this database.
This database, which has been set up with the aim of transparency in activities in the field of foreign trade, allows the customs to enter the activity of importers by imported goods, type of currency, number of times of import, type of transaction and place of transaction by year, month, Monitor the week, day and hour, as well as how the transfer of ownership of the goods, the type of power of attorney and the number of persons who have been represented by natural and legal persons. One of the most important capabilities of this database is instant and intelligent reporting of the largest importers in the country, so that it is clear that individuals and companies active in foreign trade at certain intervals and how much activity and what kind of goods have been imported into the country. Another feature of this database is an accurate report on the amount of imports of basic goods to the country and regularly and instantly announces the volume of imports of basic goods to the country at specific intervals and whether there is a need for more imports or not?
Previously, information and performance of importers and exporters were collected by customs and collected at the Central Customs Headquarters of Iran. If necessary, the importers’ files were sent to the Central Customs Headquarters of Iran for review. did not have.
Electronic exchange of information between the Ports and Customs Organization
Iran Customs and the Ports and Maritime Organization exchanged information electronically with the focus on the comprehensive system of customs affairs and the single window of cross-border trade.
With the beginning of this electronic exchange of information, Iran’s customs gained access to the information of “evacuation and port manifesto” in the electronic context, and from now on, the declaration of the owners of goods will not be the only criterion for customs. In this way, the customs obtains reliable information about the goods in the ports and warehouses of ports and maritime affairs through electronic exchange of the total bill of lading in the ship (ship manifest) and port port, which will be a big step in the fight against smuggling.
The Ports and Maritime Organization will provide confirmation information and receipt of issued warehouses electronically to the Iranian Customs and the way of providing information will be such that the process of all previous changes in the receipt of tradable warehouses is clear.
Also, in the electronic license, the customs issues the latest information and the invoice number of the warehouses issued by the Ports Organization.
The export of goods and containers is carried out by the Ports and Maritime Organization in its system and based on the information of the customs license which is in accordance with the information of the latest warehouse receipt issued by the Ports and Maritime Organization.
According to the plan implemented in the customs, in addition to the declarations of the owners of the goods, it receives more detailed information about the goods in the port areas from the transportation companies and matches this information with the declarations of the owners of the goods. The main customs program is access to the cargo manifest of ships at the time of unloading, and with the coordination of customs and the Ports and Maritime Organization, with the establishment of electronic communication between customs and port through the comprehensive customs system, data exchange between two organizations has been established. Ship manifest information is reliable information and in case of unloading information from ports, the data chain is completed in the comprehensive customs system and all incoming information based on electronic manifest, bill of lading, warehouse receipt, declaration and warehouse receipts are intersected and practically avoided. goes. The previously approved resolution of the Supreme National Security Council and the Central Headquarters for Combating Commodity and Currency Smuggling emphasizes the need for Iranian customs to have access to information on warehouses and port areas.
The exchange of information within the framework of a comprehensive customs system promotes transparency and the health of trade, and this can facilitate the conditions for people who do legal and healthy trade with the participation and cooperation of neighboring customs organizations, and narrow the field for violators and smugglers.
System for registering and receiving the ID number of imported telephones (IMEI) at the customs
The Customs of the Islamic Republic of Iran, in order to implement intelligent control policies for the import of goods into the country and to combat mobile phone smuggling, and in order to expedite and clarify the mobile phone import process, increase the accuracy of customs controls, registered and received the ID number of imported phones.
Accordingly, from 9/15/94, in addition to the declaration and the justification list, the submission of the International Mobile Equipment Identity (IMEI) by all importers through the single window system of cross-border trade is mandatory.
Electronic supervision in customs and launching of transit goods monitoring system
The inspection and audit process was carried out after clearance as well as the performance of electronic customs.
The review is now done electronically in better conditions and the work time is shorter and the reviewers can check the work process online and find out how it works.
The work procedure in the post-clearance audit and auditing department is now very different from previous years and has changed from manual to electronic.
Monitoring of domestic and foreign transit goods was carried out using the Information Management System (MIS) of the comprehensive customs system.
Using the Intelligent Information Management System (MIS), the Iranian Customs Transit Supervision Office has monitored trucks and transit goods, both domestic and foreign.
According to this report, the Intelligent Information Management System (MIS) automatically receives all information related to domestic and foreign transit goods and collects it for electronic monitoring and control in the data center, and this measure has been very effective in combating transit smuggling.
This information includes transit declarations and provides regular reports on transit license information and other information related to the records and performance of users and transport companies for the use and intelligent monitoring of the performance of transport companies in the transit sector.