Types of standards for the export and import of goods
Types of standards for the export and import of goods:
1) National standard
It is a standard that is determined, compiled and published by the standard institute of that country by using the results of science and technology and the opinion of experts, stakeholders and relevant officials in a country. To determine the national standard of a country, items such as economic conditions , Geographical and available facilities are considered. The national standard applies to products, work procedures, services, etc., as the case may be. The most important goals in the preparation and implementation of national standards are: maintaining and improving the level of technology, consumer and producer protection, and finally securing national interests.
There is no doubt that buyers and sellers residing in a country must comply with the national standards of that country and act accordingly.
2) Regional standard
It is a standard that is developed, published and applied to facilitate trade in a specific region, consisting of a number of neighboring countries or a group of countries with common trade, such as European standards for goods traded in EU member states. Europe is valid and its abbreviation is CE. CE, which stands for Conformite Europeenne, means compliance with European standards and indicates that the product in question complies with the requirements set for safety, health, environment and consumer protection.
If the exporter and importer of a good are resident in two countries in a specific region such as Europe, they must be subject to the same regional standard.
3) International standard
It is a standard that is created, approved and published by the relevant international organizations such as the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) according to the current conditions of the world and as necessary.
These types of standards, as their name suggests, are valid in all countries of the world, which means that exporters and importers located in two different countries can trade their goods based on international standards.