What is the Internet of Things (IoT) or Internet of Things?
What is the Internet of Things (IoT) or Internet of Things?

خانه What is the Internet of Things (IoT) or Internet of Things?

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What is the Internet of Things (IoT) or Internet of Things?

What is the Internet of Things (IoT) or Internet of Things?

History of IoT

You may have heard the word IoT or the Internet of Things a lot these days, but you do not know its meaning or use. The Internet of Things (IoT) theory was first proposed by Kevin Ashton in 1999, but it has only been in the IT world for about two years, and it is interesting to note that most businesses are currently moving to Are the side of widespread use of this technology. Join us to learn more about IoT.

IoT

Internet of Things (IoT) is not something new and unfamiliar because it is the first example of using this technology; The production and unveiling of the Internet-connected toaster was done by a company during a conference in 1989.

What is the Internet of Things?

The Internet of Things (IoT) is a network of physical objects or things embedded in electronic components, software, sensors, and connections so that they can provide value by exchanging information with a manufacturer, operator, or other device. More services.

Everything can be detected by the embedded system alone and can also interact with the existing Internet infrastructure.

The Internet of Things is a computing concept used to describe the future in which physical objects connect to the Internet one after the other and interact with other objects. In this technology, everything is assigned a unique ID as well as an IP that can send data to a specified database.

Today’s world is a world in which data & information are the first word and in a way they can be referred to as the concept of virtual gold. It extends to all things around us.

For example, suppose your home refrigerator has this technology (that is, it has built-in features that can store data and send it to a database that you can view information on, via the Internet infrastructure). Someone in your family picks up a bottle of milk and drinks it.

The refrigerator also notifies you when the milk has run out of time and notifies you, or notifies you of the availability and expiration date of the food in the refrigerator. Just as easily!

IoT

However, the concept of IoT is more than smart homes and appliances, so the Internet of Things will be extended to smart cities as well.

Smart cities will be where all the objects and components in a city are connected via the Internet and control each other through transmitted signals. Other cases include intelligent traffic systems that will be installed on vehicles and send signals to the relevant institution in case of violation, or smart trash cans that need to be emptied at any time by sending a signal to the relevant institution. These are simple examples of the features of a smart city.

Internet of Things application

Gartner estimates that by 2020, some 26 billion devices will be on the Internet of Things, and another estimate by ABI Research is that by 2020, more than 30 billion devices will be on the Internet of Things (and Or another term in this case (Internet of Everything).

The Internet of Things can be present in various markets, but in each of these markets will have different characteristics, including: media (media), environmental monitoring (environmental monitoring), infrastructure management (infrastructure management) Manufacturing, energy management, medical and healthcare systems, building and home automation, transportation, and large-scale expansion (large scale deployment).

IoT

The benefits of the Internet of Things

Here are 8 things about the Internet of Things that change our lifestyle:

1. A larger volume of information

The Internet of Things will be an information processing machine. This means that companies will have to make changes to the way information is collected and analyzed; Not just in decision-making; But in the way it aligns itself with artificial intelligence and even in the volume and type of information that the Internet of Things produces, new roles for analysis, strategies, and even customer orientation are defined.

Companies have access to a vast amount of information in the form of floods that all of these interconnected devices produce.

But this large amount of information needs to be analyzed to get more information about customers and their trends. Companies will need IoT information to find part of their plans to stay competitive and be creative in new services and products.

2. You always know where everything is

Our important solution to the IoT relationship and greater productivity and productivity is to make location easier and more feasible.

This is now being done in some way in hospitals.

Internet-connected equipment is marked with geographical indications, helping workers speed up their work and save more time and money by achieving a shorter process.

3. Faster transfer anywhere

The Internet of Things will be a big event in your daily life. The connection of moving vehicles, cars and the roads you will drive on can help reduce your travel time and thus enable you to work faster or engage in activities at different times.

Today, the phrase “connected vehicles” is just the beginning of the IoT capacity. “Macario Nami, marketing director for Jasper Wireless Industries, a company that specializes in device-to-machine communications,” says

Imagine a world where a city’s infrastructure is equipped with roadside sensors. These sensors can be used to analyze traffic patterns in the city and create commands for the optimal operation of traffic lights to reduce or even eliminate traffic locks.

This can save us not a few hours, but at least a few minutes during the day. In the future, the Internet of Things will integrate everything from streets to traffic light information.

4. Greener and cheaper products

The IoT should be appreciated, which facilitates the creation of intelligent networks of technologies by providing connections between devices.

Uses measuring instruments, sensors and digital instruments to create and collect alternative sources of environmentally friendly energy such as solar and wind energy.

5. Complete control of mobile devices

“IT departments may be able to remotely control computers and mobile devices, but the Internet of Things will enable people to access all the devices connected to the Internet,” said Roy Butcher, founder and head of innovation at MNH and a member of the IoT Council. “They are in control.”

Butcher also works with CommuniTake.

Community is a startup in the field of providing remote control technologies.

Butcher says technologies that allow the user to remotely control smartphones and tablets will now allow them to control other devices, such as Android-based cameras and set-top boxes.

MDM technologies will soon be developed by IoT control management systems that will bring about change for IT-enabled companies and IoT employees.

6. More sophisticated device management

According to Butcher, as the number of devices grows, so does the complexity of managing them. Imagine, for example, workers using their smartphones to communicate, entertain, and work.

When IoT is added, it will add something new to these uses, controlling and managing IoT-based devices.

“Many Internet-connected devices do not have monitors,” says Lacher. One way to control the device is to use a smartphone. “Complexity increases with the variety of operating systems.”

Therefore, employees and IT departments will have a wider range of communications, not just with Android and iOS.

Therefore, there may be a need to train new platforms among employees.

7. Save time

By controlling IoT-connected devices, your smartphone becomes a device for remote control of devices.

One of the most important aspects of IoT access is that you have the tools to get to know you and help you manage more of your work and life and save more time for you.

IPhone and Android will be relatively connected to sensors in all dimensions that you may not have seen or known, and will turn your smartphone into a device with valuable information and various applications.

With these sensors, you will no longer have to worry and stress in the morning to prepare a coffee, and the coffee maker automatically prepares the coffee when you wake up.

Wireless sensors, for example, can order a cup of coffee based on your previous orders when you walk into a branch of a store, and you can confirm or replace it and pay for it with your mobile phone. . ”

8. Work harder

The Internet of Things may make life easier in all its dimensions and bring about great change in industry. “Every business and industry will change in the next 30 years,” he said. We see that these changes have begun with the growth of the ordinary Internet. As information grows on a large scale, many things need to be changed to bits to atoms.

For example, we are referring to the changes that are taking place in the film distribution industry: .

It has done this with the vast Internet and its logistics improvements as well as by eliminating extra costs.

They have converted DVD atoms into bits and ?? Percentage of their movies are available on broadband internet.

You can order more movies at lower prices. “The DVD industry is going down in history, and its boom as a big business is no longer real.”

Potential IoT security threats

While this phenomenon can simplify many things for human beings and be a great help in daily life, it also has its challenges. One of these challenges that must be taken very seriously is the issue of security.

If billions of devices were to be connected to each other and to the Internet at the same time, what about privacy and information?

According to Ernst & Young, by 2020, 30 billion devices will be connected wirelessly.

The report notes that the IoT poses even greater security threats because it connects multiple gateways and multiple systems.

This leads to different paths for hackers to attack interconnected communication networks and find security holes; But where are these security holes?

Cloud computing

Today, every user is familiar with cloud computing and tools such as Dropbox and Google Drive, and is aware of the facilities that these tools provide to the user; But there is always a difficulty with ease, and that difficulty here is the same as security threats, especially since the security standards in the cloud are very different from the user security standards.

The Ernst & Young report notes that as the amount of information generated and stored increases, the servers that store this information must be constantly updated and secured; In particular, with the establishment of personal and continuous communication through servers, more risks are lurking and the need for additional security measures is felt by users more than ever.

Mobile and smart devices

Because mobile devices were and are one of the first examples of IoT, they have created some complexity for IT professionals. If your mobile phone alone is secure enough, this position does not matter, because the presence of a security hole in another mobile device to which your device is connected, can practically mean intrusion into your mobile phone, and since today Mobile devices are widely interconnected This is a very serious matter.

In fact, the more you use interconnected devices, the easier it will be for hackers to penetrate through security holes. However, mobile apps also pose a double security risk, and the more apps you have on your phone, the more security holes and even more malicious code you probably have on your phone.

IoT

Infrastructure

A very large number of operating technology systems now use IP addresses to access from outside the network.

In this way, not only an office or institution alone can be targeted by a cyber attack, but also an entire infrastructure such as the air transport network or transmission network and other automation systems can be attacked and misused.

An example of this type of cyber attack, although not yet widely seen, has been repeatedly reported in various reports by security companies such as Kaspersky that serious attempts by hackers to infiltrate this infrastructure have been thwarted.

There is no need to explain the catastrophe that will precede the infiltration of a malicious hacker group into the power transmission system or air transport.

Finally, it should be noted that although the IoT has opened a large and important gateway to enter a world with more capabilities for human beings, it has also posed greater threats to our lives than ever before.

In the meantime, the first step to escape these threats is for each individual and institution to hold themselves accountable for protecting all information. Also, the point that has been repeatedly made by security experts, that is, preventive measures and the use of common sense in communication is the most important point to neutralize these threats.

Author: persian / Date: 2017-10-26
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