Which facilitates foreign trade? Single window or comprehensive trading system
Which facilitates foreign trade? Single window or comprehensive trading system

خانه Which facilitates foreign trade? Single window or comprehensive trading system

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Which facilitates foreign trade? Single window or comprehensive trading system

Which facilitates foreign trade? Single window or comprehensive trading system

According to the Imena correspondent, following the escalation of the dispute between the Ministry of Industry, Mines and Trade and the Ministry of Economic Affairs and Finance after launching two comprehensive trade systems and a single window with the aim of combating smuggling of goods, which is considered parallel work, customs officials on Sunday evening. The Anti-Trafficking Headquarters, the Ministry of Industry, and the Union of Warehousers took part in tonight’s headline program to examine the issue of dispute.

The Director General of Customs Information and Communication Technology in this program on the subject, said: With the establishment of a comprehensive customs system and the window of the cross-border trade unit, formalities in imports have been reduced from 26 days to 3 days and in exports from 7 days to 1 day. In the comprehensive system of customs and the window of the trade unit, processes are carried out that have been mechanized since 1992.

Zohreh Khayali said: All documents are checked at the customs and order registration is not a reason for the goods to enter and only the customs confirms whether the goods have been imported or not.

He added: “Mechanization of necessary processes and controls, electronic payment, with the launch of a comprehensive customs system and the window of the cross-border trade unit has reached an increasing growth.”

Foreign trade and trade system

The duty of customs is transparency

“From the time the order is registered until it becomes legal imports, the customs is responsible for controlling the documents,” Khayali said of the route of foreign exchange supply. Customs processes are mechanized and documents are provided to the operating bank.

Referring to the existing laws on preventing smuggling of goods and some customs activities, he said: “There are 18 laws and decrees, one of which is on combating smuggling of goods, which was announced in 1995, and all agencies are required to submit documents.” Provide themselves to customs.

According to the Director General of Customs Information and Communication Technology, the comprehensive trade system has special activities regarding exports and imports. Pursuant to paragraph c of Article 38 of the Customs, the window operator is the cross-border trade unit.

Emphasizing that the duty of customs is transparency, he added: “The discussion of the warehouse system is a separate process that tracks the goods from which perspective the goods enter the registered warehouses.” Also, the warehouse registration number does not mean the warehouse control and we have to make a decision based on the available facts.

The comprehensive trade system and the single window are a subset of the anti-trafficking system

The Director General of Information Technology of the Central Headquarters for Combating Commodity and Currency Smuggling, another guest of the program, pointed out that the transportation of goods abroad and the supply of foreign currency by the merchant is part of the process of importing goods. Work with a comprehensive trading system.

Hamidreza Dehghaninia added: “The comprehensive trade system and the single window of both are subdivisions of the anti-trafficking system, which of course includes many sub-systems.”

He pointed out that the merchant first registers the desired product at the origin of production, he said: when the qualification is achieved, he concludes a contract with the producer, after registering the order, proceeds to receive the currency, and finally after confirmation. The request from the bank receives the necessary permits for import.

Customs has no role in logistics and transportation of goods

The Director General of Information Technology of the Central Headquarters for Combating Commodity and Currency Smuggling, emphasizing that the law explicitly states that customs has practically no role in logistics and transportation of goods, customs has no special role in providing currency, clarified: Although customs is a pioneer in this field But all these are among the duties of a comprehensive trade system, and all devices active in this field must exchange goods and information with each other through a comprehensive trade system.

He said that after the customs formalities from the clearance stage and the administrative cycle, which requires domestic transportation to the warehouse and even the transaction and settlement, we are with the merchant, he said: It is the banks that are involved in these matters, and customs has virtually no duty in this area.

Dehghaninia said: the law says that instead of exchanging information with all organizations in the field of trade, the customs should have these exchanges only with the trade system.

The Director General of Information Technology of the Central Headquarters for Combating Commodity and Currency Smuggling, emphasizing that the law explicitly states that customs has practically no role in logistics and transportation of goods, customs has no special role in providing currency, clarified: Although customs is a pioneer in this field But all these are among the duties of a comprehensive trade system, and all devices active in this field must exchange goods and information with each other through a comprehensive trade system.

He said that after the customs formalities from the clearance stage and the administrative cycle, which requires domestic transportation to the warehouse and even the transaction and settlement, we are with the merchant, he said: It is the banks that are involved in these matters, and customs has virtually no duty in this area.

Dehghaninia said: the law says that instead of exchanging information with all organizations in the field of trade, the customs should have these exchanges only with the trade system.

Electronic documentation of goods is the responsibility of the Ministry of Industry

He added: “Electronicization of documents is the responsibility of the Ministry of Industry according to the law, when the devices interfere in each other’s work, the result is nothing but work interference between the devices.”

The Director General of Information Technology of the Central Headquarters for Combating Commodity and Currency Smuggling, noting that all the systems have been set up and even the necessary training has been given to the relevant devices, said: “It is claimed that these systems have not been set up.” No, because we were friends at the office and I was at the training place in the provinces and we were watching the steps closely.

He added: “When the goods are counted, the type of goods, the location of the goods and the ownership of the goods must be specified. This is one of the laws to combat the smuggling of goods and is not within the scope of customs duties.”

Trade has a wide and long process

Emphasizing that trade has a wide and long process, Shiri, a customs expert, said: “The merchant has various devices, including a chamber of commerce, obtaining a business card, commercial contracts and invoices, entry permits, order registration permits, and Providing international currency and logistics and bill of lading and accounting with international companies.

He added: the merchant in this whole chain should exchange information with different devices. After the customs formalities, we have intercity transportation and warehousing of goods, which is a long process that the trader has to communicate with different devices, which is about 30 devices.

According to Shiri, Articles 32 and 33 of the Executive Regulations, Articles 5 and 6 of the Law on Combating Commodity and Currency Smuggling, specify that the only communication gateway for the merchant is a comprehensive trade system.

He stated that the position of the systems in the law is clearly defined, adding: the comprehensive system of customs, insurance, cross-portal, transportation, which are operational systems that manage internal activities, but the trade system is the only communication exchange gateway. A merchant with devices involved in business.

The expert said that the customs has done its duty and launched the system, reminded: Customs had a direct connection with the devices before, but after launching the comprehensive system, the customs is obliged to use the system through this system. The licensor is in contact and can not act alone.

The necessity of linking the industry organization with customs

Keshavarz, the head of the warehousing department, also said in a telephone conversation with the program: “The Industry and Trade Organization has not yet given a code for identification, but the customs and law enforcement have given a code so that the work can be done quickly.”

Asked if it is difficult to enter the warehouse when the goods are imported and not considered smuggling, the farmer said: “The industry organization is supposed to be linked to customs, not to confuse people.”

The Director General of Information Technology of the Ministry of Industry and Trade also stated in a telephone conversation that when the contract is signed, the goods have not been shipped yet so that the customs can be informed. It is registered that we have the possibility of a customs process.

Shokouhi emphasized: “We are trying to divide the work instead of doing all the work in the customs.” In addition, all warehouses are registered in this system.

Author: persian / Date: 2017-10-26
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