Transit of goods
Transit of goods

خانه Transit of goods

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Transit of goods

Transit of goods

According to Article 59 of the Law on Customs Affairs, internal passage is a customs procedure according to which goods not cleared are transferred from one authorized customs office to another authorized customs office or other places under customs supervision to carry out definitive customs formalities at the destination. Depending on whether the internal passage of the goods is at the request of the applicant or the customs decision, it is called personal internal passage or internal administrative crossing. Enter the customs territory from one authorized customs office and leave another authorized customs office under customs supervision.


The necessary documents for the transit of goods along with the form related to the transit of goods are as follows:

1 In case of full shipment, submit the agreement of the Port and Shipping Administration stating that full shipment is not prohibited, otherwise submit a warehouse receipt.
2 sheets of clearance from shipping or cooperative owners
3 Manifesto or bill of lading
4 batch lists (as appropriate)
5 Invoices for purchasing goods
6 Letter of introduction for the owners of goods from law firms
7 power of attorney
8 images of business card or work fee card as the case may be
9 passes (as appropriate)
10 Guarantee or legal obligation
11 bank licenses (as the case may be)
12 Road CHR Road Manual

transit :

It is a customs method according to which goods are transported from one customs to another under the supervision of customs.

Importance of Iranian transit:

Islamic Republic of Iran; It is one of the countries that enjoys good transit advantages in terms of being in a very suitable geographical position and by expanding the transportation network and reliable and efficient communication, it can use these advantages in order to increase foreign exchange earnings and improve its strategic position in the region. Use optimal syntax. In the south of Iran is the Persian Gulf, which is a deliberate country? The oil producer has taken over the world. This region is considered as the energy bottleneck of the world. In the north of Iran is the Caspian Sea, which is the best bridge between Iran, Russia, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Azerbaijan and can play an important role in trade between these countries. Iran, on the other hand, borders Iraq, Turkey, Pakistan and Afghanistan to the west and east. In other words, we can say that Iran’s relationship with ?? The world is established through land and water borders, and at the same time Iran, in turn, can act as a bridge between these countries (with each other and other parts of the world). On the other hand, these countries have a large population and have high incomes, which in turn, in addition to having God-given national resources and wealth can be effective as a factor in the development of transit and trade in the region. The connection of Central Asian countries with the Persian Gulf, as well as the establishment of trade relations between East Asia and European countries through Iran, is very cost-effective, so that many of these countries seek to establish such relations through Iran.

Advantages of transit through Iran

Considering the strategic and transit position of the country, many opportunities and advantages can be considered for the transit of the country. Of course, the proper and timely use of these opportunities, as well as the necessary investment and extensive advertising? At the same time, it can be effective in effectively exploiting the geographical and unique transit position of the country, so how to take advantage of these advantages and opportunities and establish transportation relations with target countries can play a prominent role in facilitating trade between Asia and Europe and countries in the region. And play transit development. In general, the advantages of transit through the territory of the Islamic Republic of Iran are:

1- Being in the route of north-south transit corridors and as a result establishing transit connections between Russia, Eastern Europe, Central, North, Central Asia and the Caucasus from one side and South Asia, Southeast, Far East, Oceania and the Persian Gulf countries as a prominent advantage. It is considered for Iran. Also, due to the short route in the north-south corridor and equipping facilities and infrastructure and providing extensive facilities and facilities in various sectors of transportation, the Iranian route has many attractions for the transit of goods. Shahid Rajaei, Amirabad and Bandar Anzali ports have a special place in the north-south corridor transit route and in addition to the mentioned ports, Shahid Bahonar, Lengeh, Bushehr, Chabahar, Imam Khomeini and Nowshahr ports also have unique role-playing potentials.

2- Establishing the transit connection of Afghanistan and Central Asia through the transit axis of the east of the country “Chabahar – Milk”; The geographical proximity of Chabahar port to Afghanistan, extensive investments in various sectors of transportation, especially the maritime sector, the establishment of transportation facilities and infrastructure along the eastern axis of the country and extensive government support, make Chabahar port as Afghanistan’s transit hub. East axis, we will see a boom in transit along the mentioned route. Chabahar port is considered as the most important port in the transit route of the east axis of the country, but due to some structural shortcomings, it is less important in the transit of goods to Afghanistan than Bandar Abbas.

Types of transit

1- External transit (Through Transit)
In this type of transit, the goods pass through at least three countries. In this way, the goods will move from the origin and will pass through another country or countries to reach the destination stated in the bill of lading. These countries are mentioned as transit countries in the documents that the goods enter their customs territory through one of the entry borders and must leave the specified exit border within a certain period of time.

2- Outward Transit
In this type of transit, the goods are transferred from a customs house inside the country of origin to a customs house outside the customs border of the country of origin.

3- Inward Transit
In this type of transit, the goods are transferred to another customs in the country without going through the customs clearance process to be cleared and customs formalities are performed there. This transit is done in two ways. The first may be the importer requesting the goods to be sent from the border customs to one of the domestic customs, and the second may be at the discretion of the officials at the border customs (for various reasons such as high volume of incoming goods and lack of space or lack of facilities required for goods Special) goods are transferred to the customs of domestic houses.

4- National transit (National / Community transit)
In this type of transit, the goods are transferred from one customs house in the country to another domestic customs office to perform customs formalities.

Author: persian / Date: 2017-10-26
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