International shipping methods
International shipping methods

خانه International shipping methods

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International shipping methods

International shipping methods

International_ shipping_ methods

Common methods of transporting export and import cargo are as follows.

Group E – Delivery of goods at the point of departure at the origin:
EXW (stands for Ex Works): Delivery of goods at the point of departure at the place of origin (place of work).
Group F – Delivery of goods to the buyer without payment of freight at the origin:
? FCA (Free Carrier): Delivery of goods to the carrier at the origin (delivery of goods by truck, rail and aircraft). Due to the fact that the place of delivery is the buyer’s country, it is loaded with the buyer and is a risk point. Shipping and insurance costs with the buyer. Contract of transportation and insurance with the buyer (not necessarily).
FAS (stands for Free Alongside Ship): Delivery of goods alongside the ship at origin. The seller’s risk termination is at the port next to the ship. Shipping and insurance costs with the buyer. Concluding a contract of transportation, insurance and inspection with the buyer.
FOB (Free On Board): Delivery of goods on the deck of the ship at origin. The seller has terminated his risk when he passed the goods over the ship’s railing. Shipping and insurance costs with the buyer. Concluding a contract of carriage from the port of delivery and insurance and inspection with the buyer.
Group C – Delivery of goods to the buyer at the origin with payment of freight:
CFR (Abbreviation for Cost and Freight): Value and freight to destination. The former C&F, but for shipping. The goods terminate the seller’s liability when it passes over the ship’s railing (loaded). The insurance costs are with the buyer. The shipping costs are with the seller. The insurance contract is with the buyer.
CIF (Cost, Insurance and Freight): Value, insurance and freight to destination. It is for sea transportation. When the goods are loaded from the ship’s railing, the seller’s liability ends. The cost of shipping and insurance is with the seller. Contract of transportation and insurance with the seller.
CPT (Carriage Paid To): Delivery with payment of freight to the destination. Combined transport but mostly used by land or air. The seller’s risk and responsibility ends when he delivers the goods to the first carrier. Shipping cost with the seller up to a certain point according to the contract. Buyer insurance fee. Concluding an inspection contract with the buyer.
CIP (Carriage and Insurance Paid to): Delivery with payment of freight and insurance to the destination. The method of transportation is compound. The seller’s risk and responsibility ends when he delivers the goods to the agreed point. The cost of insurance and shipping is with the seller. Concluding an insurance and shipping contract with the seller. Concluding an inspection contract with the buyer.
Group D – Delivery of goods to the destination:
DAF (stands for Delivered At Frontier): Delivery at the border (designated border).
DES (stands for Delivered Ex Ship): Delivery on deck (at destination).
DEQ (stands for Delivered Ex Quay): Delivery at the dock (at destination).
DDU (Delivered Duty Unpaid): Delivery to the destination without paying customs duties and taxes.
DDP (stands for Delivered Duty Paid): Delivery to destination with payment of customs duties and taxes

Author: persian / Date: 2017-10-26
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