Frequently Asked Questions about Certificate of Origin
Question: What is the definition of a certificate of origin as an international term?
Answer: A certificate of origin is a special document, specifying the origin of the goods, in which a reliable source or a person authorized to issue it explicitly acknowledges the connection of the goods subject to the certificate of origin to specific countries.
Question: Define the term “country of origin of goods” in the language of the Customs Cooperation Council?
Answer: According to the rules for the implementation of customs tariffs in terms of general conditions or any other relevant action that they impose for the exchange of goods, is the country where the goods were produced, manufactured or processed.
Question: What is the importance of the certificate of origin from the buyer?
Answer: From the point of view of the buyer, who is miles away from the seller. Special and in accordance with the rules and principles that govern the correct origin of goods and are issued and certified by competent persons, it values more than anything.
Question: What is the importance of the certificate of origin from the authorities of the destination country?
Answer: The authorities of the destination country, such as banks, ministries of industry, agriculture, health, academia, research centers, etc., can each request a certificate of origin in relation to the specific origin in question. All customs, and in some cases industrial ministries and banks, care about the certificate of origin and its presentation by the importer, and for the mentioned organizations (in terms of product quality, preferential tariffs, clearing and clearing contracts, trademarks, and prohibitions and restrictions). Country of origin) is important.
Question: What are preferential tariffs?
Answer: Preferential tariffs are typically a privilege for the exporting country due to differences in the amount of customs duties and import duties relative to the import of similar goods with the same tariff for the beneficiary country compared to other countries subject to foreign preferences. At the same time, it ensures the development of exports and the prosperity of the country’s economy with countries that need such support, and if they are not supported by advanced industrialized countries, they will not be able to export their goods outside the borders of customs territory. The format of multilateral agreements, entitled “Developed Countries’ Support for Developing Countries”, is true. Preferences should be given to each other over other non-member countries. In this case, knowing the country of origin will be important, because it will certainly not be possible to use these preferences in the absence of a certificate of origin.
Question: In Iran, who are the authorities issuing the certificate of origin?
Answer: The authorities that issue certificates of origin are the Chambers of Commerce of Industries and Mines, and in the free zones, the Free Zone Organization issues a certificate of origin.
Question: What are the documents required to issue a certificate of origin?
1- Image of customs license
2- The image of the bill of lading
3- Business card image
4- Form of origin certificate typed in English without pen
5- Bank receipt for the cost of issuing a certificate of origin
Question: In what cases does the unit require the issuance of a certificate of origin of the original customs license?
Answer: Regarding the export of hand-woven carpets and kilims, it is necessary to present the original customs license for viewing, and also in cases where for some reason the authorities issuing the certificate of origin doubt the authenticity of the customs license image, they can request the original customs license or bill of lading. .
Question: Can the holders of the business cards of the city chambers receive a certificate of origin from any room or not?
Answer: Business card holders can obtain a certificate of origin from any of the chambers of commerce of industries and mines by submitting documents.
Question: What does the contents of the certificate of origin include?
1- Details of the sender or exporter of the goods based on the bill of lading and customs license
2- Details of the recipient of the goods based on the bill of lading
3- Country of manufacture based on the contents of the customs license
4- Specifications of the means of transport based on the bill of lading
5- Specifications of cargo and goods based on customs license and shipping bill of lading
6- Weight with container and number and type of product packaging
7- Signing the certificate of origin by the exporter of the goods
8- Signing the certificate of origin by the authority issuing the certificate of origin
Question: How many certificates of origin are issued?
Forms A or GSP (GENERALIZED SYSTEM OF PREFERENCES) which are used for export to European and American countries and Oceania and Japan, Turkey, Russia, Kazakhstan, Ukraine, Belarus.
2. CERTIFICATE OF ORIGIN forms are used for Asian and African countries.
3. CSTP (CLOBAL SYSTEM OF TRADE PREFERENCES) CERTIFICATE OF ORIGIN forms are issued for the number of countries that have agreements with Iran for specific goods.
Question: For which country can both types of certificate of origin be used at the request of the issuer?
A: Singapore, China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Malaysia, Korea
Question: In cases where the specifications of the exporter in the customs license are different from the specifications of the exporter in the bill of lading, what should be done to obtain a certificate of origin?
Answer: In such cases, if the issuer has a valid business card in his bill of lading and requests to receive a certificate of origin in his own name, the license issuer must send his export license in a letter to the Certificate of Origin unit stating the details for receipt. In such cases, it is mandatory to provide a business card image of the parties.
Question: Can shipping companies receive a certificate of origin as an exporter?
Answer: No, shipping companies have a membership card, not a business card, so they do not have an export license
Question: Can only business card holders obtain a certificate of origin?
Answer: No. Holders of Cooperative Chamber cards, cocoon cards and border residents and those who have a case license can receive a certificate of origin in their name.
Question: What is the deposit amount for issuing a certificate of origin in Arak Room?
Answer: The basic tariff for issuing a certificate of origin and confirming the signature is 100,000 Rials.
Question: Is the tariff amount the same for everyone?
Answer: No, the above tariff amount is only for business card holders, and those who do not have a business card, the above amount is doubled, and for goods made outside the tariffs, it is doubled.
Question: To what account is the certificate of origin fee paid?
Answer: Account number located at the location of the Chamber of Commerce.
Question: Is the issuer’s signature on the certificate of origin required?
Answer: The signature of the issuer is required.
Question: Who has the right to sign Form A certificate with commercial documents as an issuer?
Answer: In addition to themselves, business card holders can officially introduce the signatures of other people, including board members, whose names are mentioned in the official newspaper. In any case, if anyone other than the cardholder signs, it must be previously introduced by the cardholder (whose signature is on the first page of the business card) to the certificate of origin unit and all the responsibilities arising from their action. Accept.
Question: In cases where the certificate of origin is lost, can a duplicate certificate of origin be obtained or not?
Answer: The re-issuance of the certificate is subject to the issuer announcing in a letter from the Chamber of Commerce that the certificate of origin is missing and at the same time accepting the possible responsibilities arising from the lost certificate of origin and requesting its re-issuance.
Question: What documents must be submitted in cases where the issuer applies for a certificate of correction of origin?
Answer: If the original contents of the certificate of origin do not change and it is just a typo, he should return the previously issued certificate of origin and deposit 50,000 Rials and receive a new certificate of origin, but in cases where one of the main contents, including the address of the issuer Either the recipient or the specifications of the means of transport or the quantitative and qualitative specifications of the goods change, he must submit a new bill of lading, according to which the corrections made in such cases, in addition to returning the previous certificate, will be issued by presenting new documents and 50,000 new certificates of origin.
Question: Who is responsible for typing the certificate of origin?
Answer: Typing the certificate of origin is the responsibility of the issuer.
Question: Are there any facilities in the Chamber of Commerce for typing the certificate of origin or not?
Question: What is the contact number of the Arak Chamber of Commerce Certificate of Origin?
Answer: Phone number 2272020 and correspondence number 3280706
Question: Is it necessary to provide the required documents for issuing a certificate of origin in order to receive it in all cases?
Answer: No, in cases where the exporter exports perishable goods (fruits, vegetables, flowers and plants, fish and shrimp, dairy products) by obtaining an obligation from the exporter (based on the submission of documents after one week) certificate of origin Issued Obviously, the following documents must be in accordance with the contents of the certificate of origin obtained.
Question: In cases where there are many export items, how is the form of the certificate of origin prepared?
Answer: In such cases, the exporter must enter AS PER ATTACH PAKING LIST NO: DATE in the product specification column, and mention the PAKING LIST number in the certificate of origin and submit the PAKING LIST with the certificate of origin to confirm the signature.
Question: If the gross weight in the bill of lading is different from the gross weight in the certificate of origin, can a certificate of origin be obtained?
Answer: No, the contents of the certificate of origin must be in accordance with the bill of lading, and if the weight of the export license is more than the bill of lading and the certificate of origin, there is no problem, but it should not be less.
Question: Is it possible to obtain a certificate of origin for foreign goods that are exported? What documents are required?
Answer: Yes. In such cases, the entry documents that include the certificate of origin, the bill of lading to Iran, the entry permit and the exit documents that include the export customs license, the bill of lading from Iran to the destination country and the certificate of origin must be typed. And the certificate of origin fee is double in such cases.