Exporting lion cubs is a way to balance the cost and income of zoos
The export of lion cubs, an initiative of the Eleventh Government, For many years, zoos and bird gardens across the country, like many underdeveloped countries, spend most of their income through puppetry and smuggling. Centers that do not attract many visitors due to poor animal care conditions as well as poor hygiene, except for school camps, and inevitably cover the cost of feeding and feeding animals and other zoo expenses from the sale of newborn puppies. Of course, the income from the sale of these puppies is so much that in addition to providing expenses for the zoo and keeping the animals living in it, there is an incentive for the owners of these centers to continue earning a living through this not-so-pleasant business. A business that requires the confinement of animals in inappropriate conditions, and as a result, protests and criticisms that are heard from time to time, and in some cases, lead to protest rallies at zoos or bird gardens.
But the current practice in the country’s zoos, which involved making money through puppetry and smuggling, whatever it was, had always been recognized as an offense and an illegal activity, and it was hoped that at some point, a strong will to deal decisively with It will occur. Centers that, contrary to their name, instead of keeping animals in a space as close as possible to their habitat, provide visitors with the opportunity to familiarize themselves with wildlife and earn their income by attracting visitors, under the guise of a zoo to breed and smuggle species Because the lion and the tiger were busy.
According to the Environmental Protection Agency, at the beginning of 1995, the number of wildlife conservation centers in the country reached more than 85 units, most of which, due to their age, did not have a license to operate by this organization and as a result, their activities were considered illegal. . Now, a year after the announcement of the above statistics, the Environmental Protection Agency announces that “organizing the situation of animals in zoos” is one of the 11th government’s key environmental measures. If the claim is true, it will undoubtedly be a worthy action and a brilliant privilege in the environmental record of the 11th government. But what exactly is meant by “organizing” and how the Environmental Protection Agency has organized a significant number of unauthorized wildlife centers over the years may not fit well with our minds.
As a rule, the existence of more than 85 wildlife conservation centers in the country does not seem very necessary, which can be said that none of them comply not only with international standards but also with the criteria set out in the guidelines of the Environmental Protection Agency, and sometimes illegal activities without They have a license. Therefore, considering the emphasis of the MPs that the Environmental Protection Organization has not faced a legal vacuum to close the centers that do not comply with the rules and can take action to prevent the activity of these centers, it seems that organizing these centers means closing some Centers and prevention of puppetry and smuggling and improvement of animal care conditions remain in the centers.
Contrary to expectations, “organizing the zoos” did not reduce their numbers, nor did it prevent puppies from being killed in inappropriate conditions and the puppies being sold to applicants. What we have seen in recent months regarding zoos suggests that, contrary to expectations, “organizing” in the 11th government’s environmental dictionary means licensing what was previously considered illegal. This is because the unauthorized centers have succeeded in obtaining an operation license from this organization without committing themselves to complying with the rules of the Environmental Protection Organization. The issuance of an exploitation permit for the Gerash Zoo, where the deplorable animal welfare conditions are still criticized by environmental activists and the media, is an example of the “arrangements made by the 11th government’s environmental officials” in the field of zoos.
On the other hand, in recent months, the Environmental Protection Agency, by issuing a license to sell puppies born in zoos, has officially turned these centers into centers for the breeding and sale of wildlife species, especially tigers and lions, to the point of hope that Illegal income generation has disappeared forever and Iran has become a center for breeding animals in non-standard cages and selling puppies to countries such as Pakistan, Afghanistan, UAE and other Arab countries.
Because the manager of one of the zoos had recently spoken about the legal export of lion cubs from this zoo to Asian countries, and on the other hand, the documents and videos published about the lion cub transaction in these zoos, indicate the annual sale of 100 puppies. The lion was present in only one of the zoos in the country. In order to clarify the reasons and licensing criteria for the sale of animals born in the zoo, the social reporter of Tasnim News Agency asked questions to the officials of the Environmental Protection Agency, which unfortunately remained unanswered. The following are Tasnim News Agency’s questions regarding the issuance of licenses for the export of animals born in zoos:
What are the details of the legalization of the export of animals born in the zoo in recent months, and on what basis are licenses for the sale of these species issued to applicants abroad?
Isn’t licensing the sale of Bengal tiger cubs and African lions a double incentive to raise these animals for wildlife centers? They are zoos that keep animals such as lions and tigers in miserable conditions that are not in accordance with the rules of the Environmental Protection Agency, and they breed puppies with the weakest health facilities and nutrition from these productive species.
– Are there any rules for getting puppies from such animals? (For example, how many times each puppy is bred)
Do wildlife conservation centers pay formal or informal fees to the EPA to obtain sales licenses and, so to speak, export wildlife puppies (for example, the export of dozens of lion cubs per year by a single zoo)?