Manage foreign purchases and orders
Commercial export and import requires a business card issued by the Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Mines and approved by the Ministry of Commerce.
• Cooperatives of border residents, sailors, cocoons, Iranian workers living abroad are exempt from having a business card from the Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs.
• According to Article 3 of the Export and Import Regulations Law approved in 1993, undertaking the export and import of goods commercially requires a business card.
• The business card is issued by the Iranian Chamber of Commerce, Industries and Mines, which can be used after the approval of the Ministry of Commerce.
Conditions for obtaining a business card (natural persons)
Natural persons can receive a business card by observing the following conditions.
– At least 21 years old
– Having a service termination card or exemption card for men
– Having 3 years of experience in business or production with the approval of 2 business card holders or providing a university degree or having a production license from one of the ministries of production
– Having a place of business appropriate to the field of activity, whether real estate or rent
– Having legal offices and submitting a registration statement
Having a current account in one of the branches of domestic banks
Lack of full-time employment as well as employment relationship with ministries and government agencies and the three forces
Non-bankruptcy due to fraud and interpretation
Not having an effective criminal conviction
Conditions for obtaining a business card (legal entities)
The managing director and the chairman of the board of directors of the company must have the conditions stipulated in clauses (1-2), (1-3), (1-7), (1-8) and (1-9) and the company must also have the conditions stipulated in It should also have clauses (1-4), (1-5), (1-6) and (1-8).
The selection of goods is usually based on several items:
• Market needs
• Low sales risk
• Financial ability to buy goods
• Ability to provide after-sales service
• Entry rules
• Customs law
• Most consumption
• Most models
• Import rate
• Foreign :
1. The largest companies (preparation of lessons through commercial newspapers, internet, telephone, exhibitions, business section of embassies, etc.)
2. Sales price
4. Issuance regulations
Contact and inquire from selected sellers
• The following information is requested from the selected sellers through Letter of Inquiry or Request for quotation regarding the desired goods.
• Price 1-Unit price and total amount for each ITEM
• Origin of goods 2-Origin of the material
• Shipping 3-Shiping period of validity 4-Period of validity
• Delivery time 5-Date of Delivery
• How to deliver Shipping specification 6-
• Inspection 7- Test, Inspection
Terms of payment 8-Terms of payment
Check the received answers and select the final answer
• After obtaining the mentioned information and adapting it to its conditions, the buyer will choose the best revocation.
• After selecting the best answer from the sellers of the person or the final persons are selected and asked Proforma invoice.
Issuance of proforma by the seller
After receiving the proforma request from the buyer, the seller will issue the proforma.
Receive proforma by the buyer
• After sending the proforma by the seller and receiving it by the buyer and accepting all the points in the proforma and confirming it by the buyer, he must announce the registration of the order in the Ministry of Commerce.
Announcement of order registration in the Ministry of Commerce
• To announce the registration of the order in the Ministry of Commerce, the buyer performs the following steps.
1- Receiving order registration papers
2- Completing the order registration papers
3- Presenting the original business card and its copy along with the completion forms of Proforma order registration (it is necessary for the first time to become a member of the original business card)
4- Review by the order registration unit in the Ministry of Commerce
5- Announcing the cost of order registration to the applicant by the Ministry of Commerce
6- Deposit the money and submit its receipt to the Ministry of Commerce by the applicant
7- Inserting the 8-digit order registration number and sealing the proforma order registration papers and delivering it to the applicant
provision of budget
• The buyer should be able to make sure that he can pay the price of the requested product in any way he sees fit.
One possible way is to open a Letter of Credit or L / C.
Opening of documentary credit with the bank (buyer bank)
َ (BANK Opening Bank OR Issuing)
Credit is opened at the request of the buyer, which includes the following steps:
1- Completing the application form for opening a documentary credit
2- Presenting the original business card and its copy
3- Presenting two order registration sheets
4- Presenting the sealed proforma
5- Presenting the original insurance policy of the desired product
6- Paying 10 to 30% of the proforma amount in Rials to the bank
7- Deposit the guarantee to guarantee the payment of the rest of the proforma amount
With the presentation of the above documents, documentary validity is opened.
Notification of documentary credit to a foreign bank
• Opening Bank At the request of the buyer to another bank, the broker bank
Advising Bank or Seller Bank
It is called announces documentary credits.
Notify the seller of the credit
• The brokerage bank, according to the notification of the buyer bank, assures the seller of the goods that he is allowed to pay for the goods in accordance with the conditions stated in the letter of credit.
Check the seller for credit terms and acceptance
• The seller of the goods, after reviewing the conditions stated in the L / C and how to pay the amount of the goods, if he agrees, announces acceptance to the brokerage bank.
Preparation of goods according to the order
• The seller is obliged to prepare the goods desired by the buyer exactly with the same quality and quantity according to the conditions stated in the L / C conditions and ready for delivery.
• The seller is obliged to pack all the goods provided in accordance with the buyer’s opinion mentioned in the L / C terms (export).
Domestic transport to customs of origin ”
• The seller is obliged to transport the prepared goods “according to the L / C conditions to the customs of origin” (the country where the goods were produced).
Carrying out customs formalities and paying the relevant fees
• The seller is obliged to “exactly in accordance with the terms of L / C to complete all customs formalities for the export of goods made from the country of origin” and pay all relevant costs.
Delivery to the shipping company, for international shipping
• The seller is obliged to deliver the manufactured and prepared goods to the company (railways, trucks, ships, etc.) for international transportation, exactly after the customs works, in accordance with the L / C conditions.
Obtaining a bill of lading from the shipping company
The seller is obliged to receive from the carrier the bill of lading related to the transportation of the desired goods, which includes the following contents:
• Number and mark of goods
• Number of containers
• Description of packages and goods
• Gross weight of goods
At the time of inspection of the goods, it is not necessary for the buyer and the seller to be present at the inspection site of the goods, and this is done by reputable international companies, and the inspection company inspects the goods in terms of quantity and quality. That the goods are out of the hands of the seller of the goods)
Preparation of other documents to be presented to customs and the buyer
The seller is obliged to receive the bill of lading from the carrier company for submission to customs and also to the buyer and send it to the buyer with the following documents:
• Proforma invoice factor
Certificate of origin
• Health certificate (which is a health product)
• Any evidence requested by the buyer.
Delivery of documents to the bank
After preparing these documents, the seller must deliver them to the brokerage bank for review.
Examination of documents by the bank
The broker bank has a legal opportunity to check the documents for 7 days, during which time it must fully check the documents and declare any discrepancies, otherwise the documents will be considered flawless and the bank will be obliged to pay the seller to the seller.
Payment for the goods to the seller
The goods are paid by the brokerage bank to the seller of the goods.
Sending documents to the credit issuing bank by the brokerage bank
The issuing bank receives credit for all documents from the broker bank.
Checking the documents by the credit issuing bank within 5 working days
The mentioned bank also has 5 days to review all the documents and notify the brokerage bank in case of any problems.
Payment to the brokerage bank
In case of no problem, the opening bank pays the goods to the brokerage bank.
Notify the buyer that the documents have been received
The opening bank notifies the buyer that it has received the documents, and must go to the bank.
Go to the bank and pay the rest of the credit amount
The buyer goes to the bank to pay the rest of the credit.
Receive sealed documents from the bank by the buyer
After paying all the remaining amount, the buyer receives the credit of all sealed documents from the bank.
Transportation of goods to the customs of destination
The goods are transported to the destination customs after inspection by the shipping company.
Issuance of goods declaration by the shipping company
When the goods arrive at the customs of destination, the shipping company issues a notice to the buyer announcing its arrival.
Refer the buyer to the shipping and clearing company
The buyer refers to the shipping company for settlement and brings the relevant documents to the company and in case of acceptance and non-debt of the transport company, issues a settlement sheet.
Receive clearance by the buyer
The buyer goes to the customs with the clearance sheet and the bill of lading.
Refer the buyer to the customs with the bill of lading, clearance and other documents
The buyer goes to the customs with the bill of lading, clearance and other documents to clear the goods.
The buyer must go to customs with sufficient documents for authentication.
Perform customs formalities
After performing the customs formalities, from the stage of evaluation and review of documents, in terms of compliance of the goods and health issues, etc., the clearance permit is issued.
Obtaining a customs green license
After the goods are ready to leave the customs, the customs green leaf is issued by the customs.
Obtaining Bijak from the warehouse
When the goods leave the customs warehouse, a sheet called Bijak or the goods exit sheet is issued from the warehouse, which is the license to leave the goods.