Iran’s customs goes to war against violations by electronic means
Electronic customs warfare
Electronic customs warfare with methods of circumventing import laws, the existence of multiple sources of import duties and commercial profits, and shifting of tariffs on goods has always been considered as one of the most common customs violations. It intends to clear its goods with lower entry fees.
Pollenews – The rate of inflation of laws and regulations in a country is directly related to the size of commercial activities and the volume of customs violations in that country. Simply put, multiple regulations and exemptions, non-standard local procedures, and overlapping foreign trade laws, each as breach loopholes, pave the way for the creation of patterns of commercial exploitation.
According to Dunya Khodro newspaper, in our country’s trade system, due to the inflation of laws and regulations, on the one hand, and on the other hand, due to the suffering that has always been borne by the high tariff wall, there are factors to increase incentives for smuggling goods and customs violations in the business environment. In the following, we will outline some of the ways to evade customs laws and challenge customs in dealing with these violations.
Imagine we are in the airport store at the zero point of the border and the import of goods purchased from this store into the country due to being outside the customs territory requires the payment of customs duties and other legal taxes. A person buys goods and by hiding them in his handbag, he intends to take the goods into the country by taking them out of sight and without paying entry fees. This action is definitely considered as an example of smuggling goods.
In the second example, the person who bought the goods declares it to the customs officers, but by moving the labels of two similar goods in the store, he enters the specifications of the cheaper goods in the declaration (or by presenting the details of the Chinese country instead of Switzerland) to the officers. Customs is trying to reduce import duties.
These examples are examples of customs violations and require fines. The extension of the above two examples to the country’s business environment is an example of the difference between the crimes of smuggling goods and customs violations, which we will analyze in the following ways to avoid regulations and customs supervision.
The existence of multiple sources of import duties and commercial profits and the transfer of tariffs on goods is always considered as one of the most common customs violations.
In this method, usually by creating an overlap between one or more sources of import duty of goods, the part of the goods that requires more payment of import duties is stated with the same specifications as the goods with less source. When the appraiser inspects the goods, the goods are actually mentioned in the documents, but with the overlap, part of the entry fee will be adjusted.
For example, importing steel and steel sheets and stating the type of mixed and non-mixed instead of each other is one of the examples of declaring goods with another name. The use of tariffs on similar goods and declaration of goods with another name, which has a lower source of import duty in the nomenclature classification, is one of the common methods of false declaration and customs violations, which is common both in exporting goods subject to export duties and importing samples. Is.
Of course, the customs detect many violations by laying the groundwork and controlling the detailed information of the goods from the origin to the customs territory and the possibility of cross-referencing the documents, applying risk management methods and random controls, which is evident in customs revenues in the last two years.
Filling legal pits
Violations in the field of valuation of goods are one of the common methods of circumventing customs. Overvaluation and depreciation are two hidden aspects of customs violations in the field of value. The existence of multi-currency is the irony of the country’s foreign trade.
The interesting part is that some traders sometimes declare a single unit of foreign unit value with two values to the customs and provide purchase documents.
When imports were made in government currency exchanges and a little further away in the reference currency of 1226 Tomans, the declared value of goods to customs was increasing, and a number of traders who intended to abuse the free and government exchange rates by raising purchase documents or Unfortunately, in the same period, there was no online connection between the customs and the central bank, and there are numerous cases of violations by the importer by tampering with paper documents and sometimes copying the import license and Collusion with agents in the bank increases the amount of currency and the value of the import license, and from here, government rights are squandered.
On the other side of the coin, some importers with the applicant currency declared the same goods to the customs with a lower value and by presenting fake invoices, they tried to underestimate the value of the goods.
The story of the country’s trade in the field of customs value
The story of the country’s trade in the field of customs value was similar to a coin with 10,000 Rials on one side and 1,000 Rials on the other.
With the establishment of the comprehensive customs system and the completion of the window of the cross-border trade unit, the financial core module was completed and the online connection of Iran’s customs with the Central Bank portal was established.
Foreign exchange has entered the country, will be exchanged with the central bank, and the misuse and departure of foreign currency will be prevented.
Iran’s customs ended the monopoly on access to value by publishing the basic export values and import values in the “TSC” system, and this opportunity was provided for all economic actors to use the inferential values and declarative records of goods for free access.